Construction, Traditional Items, Agricultural Techniques, Natural Remedies, Industrial Processes, Hunting Techniques, Household Items, Cooking Techniques


Lemongrass is grown and processed for its essential oil, which is sold between $15-$20 per kilogram and is commonly used in perfumes, air fresheners, and other fragrance products. The plant has a simple propagation process and is ready to be harvested three months after planting. The distillation process produces roughly two kilograms of oil from 300 kilograms of lemongrass after an hour and a half of processing. The scented water, a byproduct from the distillation process, is often collected and sold to hotels on the mainland, which use the water to wash their linens.


The bandicoot slip-knot trap is designed to ensnare bandicoots or other small animals. Frequently, a number of these traps are set and checked periodically. Since it is triggered by the prey, it does not require constant supervision or maintenance. Though there are specific materials mentioned in the How To description, this trap can be made from any materials available.


There are two types of bandicoot traps in Navunaram. This one is designed to stun or bludgeon bandicoots or other small animals. Frequently, a number of these traps are set and checked periodically. Since it is triggered by the prey, it does not require constant supervision or maintenance. Though there are specific materials mentioned in the How To description, this trap can be made from any materials available.


Bamboo roofing takes advantage of the natural curvature of halved bamboo and a slight downward angle of the roof to direct rain water similar to a traditional gutter system. The bamboo lasts for up to 5 years if it is properly maintained and is conveniently replaced since bamboo is an abundant resource in the area.


We were made aware of a bush that grows on the coast that is used as a cure for hypertension. We were also made aware of a series of remedies used as cures for oral and gastrointestinal cancers. We were told of an algae bloom found in the sea that, when taken, results in 24-48 hours of extreme gastrointestinal distress but is a prophylactic for malaria.


The vodka salutation is a symbolic gesture of friendship between strangers or friends. It is a significant tradition which is done at every first meeting and not participating in the gesture has traditionally been considered disrespectful. Over time, a social conundrum has emerged. It has always been considered honorable to present the first serving of vodka to the guest of honor. The host is expected to pour the serving and hand it to the guest and the guest is obliged to take this gesture of kindness.


filed under:

Short slings, about 30 centimeters long, were traditionally used for warfare and provided the user with more accuracy. The short length enables the thrower to get shots off more quickly as less of a wind up is required. On the other hand, longer slings, around 60 centimeters in length, were commonly used for hunting and distance shooting. This required the thrower to swing it around his or her head multiple times to gain momentum before releasing it on the upswing.


The practice of salt processing within the Komgi community begins with water collection in Lassul Bay, a body of water in the Qaqet region of East New Britain. Traditionally, water was collected in sections of bamboo, but now plastic containers are more commonly used to transport water up to Komgi. Currently, access to packaged salt has reduced the usage of traditional salt making techniques.


Sago is a starch extracted from the pith (mumut) of sago palm trees. This starch is a major staple food for the people in New Ireland. A sago palm can be harvested from its 6th year up to the 15th, and generally the older the tree, the more saksak it will produce. The tree is split length wise and the mumut is removed using a tool called the Sapal. The mumut looks like a fine mulch. The saksak is then extracted by kneading and washing the mumut in traditional troughs.


As a result of access to cities and Western perceived modesty influences introduced by the Catholic Church, Qaqet communities predominantly wear modern clothing styles. Currently the traditional dress for men in Qaqet communities is only used for ceremonies and special occasions. This form of dress is made from Qaqet traditional cloth and rope made from wild cocoa bark.